Bitcoin (BTC) entered a consolidation phase following its May 19 crash from $42,600 to $30,000 on Coinbase. The flagship cryptocurrency recovered its losses quickly and reclaimed $40,000 but it failed to log a clear bullish breakout above this resistance level and at the time of writing the price remains pinned below $40,000.

The latest price action in the Bitcoin market has been — at best — choppy, with traders showing no clear indication about their short-term bias. Some analysts predicted that if the BTC/USD price does not break above $40,000, it may very well fall to as low as $20,000 in the coming sessions.

Interestingly, a handful of on-chain indicators tell a different story. One of the most interesting themes holding Bitcoin’s bullish bias intact is witnessing long-term holders and accumulation addresses stacking more BTC during the recent price dip.

Furthermore, a metric known as the Bitcoin Entity-Adjusted SOPR (Spent Output Profit Ratio) shows that the market is no longer selling Bitcoin at a loss on aggregate.

Meanwhile, on-chain data shows that exchanges saw a decline in their reserves, a signal that traders have been withdrawing their digital assets to cold wallets or depositing them into DeFi liquidity pools for more lucrative returns.

While the short-term perspective may be tilted toward bears, the following three on-chain indicators hint that Bitcoin could be in the process of bottoming out.

Bitcoin: Spent Output Age Bands

The correction in Bitcoin price resulted in three kinds of reactions in the spot market. The first involved panic-selling by short-term traders who sold Bitcoin to minimize their losses, probably because they bought the cryptocurrency near its top. 

The second reaction involved HODLERs that decided to hold on to their exiting bitcoin supply. They showed a long-term conviction in Bitcoin’s bullish bias against supportive macroeconomic fundamentals, such as ultra-low interest rates, poor yields on government bonds, inflation fears and a declining U.S. dollar, that made hedging assets like Bitcoin look attractive to HODL.

The third reaction was a mix of HODLers and accumulators as traders utilized the Bitcoin price dip to buy more of the cryptocurrency at a ‘discount’.

Various on-chain indicators showed a huge contrast between the Bitcoin reserves held by short-term holders and long-term holders during the price crash.

For example, the ‘Bitcoin: Spent Out Age Bands’ chart below, last week saw a greater amount of selling coming from coins that were one day to one week old. These coins kept moving in and out of the market, accurately reflecting the state of higher price volatility in the market last week.

Meanwhile, coins that remained unspent for 1 to 3 months and 3 to 6 months also changed addresses in the wake of the recent price crash.

Another Glassnode metric dubbed the ‘Bitcoin: Total Supply Held By Long-Term Holders’ showed that long-term holders — entities that hold Bitcoin for more than six months, became the largest beneficiaries of the tokens sold by the short-term holders.

In a weekly note to clients, Anthony Pompliano, investor at Pomp Investments, said:

“Long-term holders are adding to their positions, short-term holders are selling, some entities in the short-term cohort have now reached the 155-day threshold for this metric and are now in the long term cohort.” 

This divergence pointed to long-term stability in Bitcoin price as more and more serious holders took positions against the ongoing macroeconomic crisis.

Bitcoin balance on exchanges drops

The net Bitcoin reserves held by cryptocurrency exchanges have also declined in the past seven days, showing that fewer and fewer traders now want to sell their Bitcoin holdings.

The metric points to a typical trading behavior. Traders only deposit Bitcoin to their exchange wallets when they want to either sell them for fiat or trade them for other digital assets. As a result, the BTC reserves on trading platforms rise.

Conversely, a higher degree of BTC withdrawals reflects traders’ decision to hold the cryptocurrency. It means that Bitcoin would not face immediate sell-off pressure in the spot market, which is what the latest Glassnode readings show.

Bitcoin accumulation addresses and balances rise

The total number of accumulation addresses and the balance within these wallets are rising. In retrospect, an accumulation address is the one that has received at least two BTC transactions but has never moved the assets out of the address.

In the last seven days, the number of these accumulation addresses has climbed, adding 7,430 new wallets to the list.

Another metric dubbed the ‘Bitcoin: Supply Held by Entities with Balance 0.01 – 0.1’ showed that new users entered the Bitcoin network during its price dip. Additionally, supply held by addresses that have  0.001 BTC to 1 BTC in them increased in tandem, showing steady growth in retail interest.

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